Princeton economist Alan Blinder says
much of the financial crisis was due to excessive risk taking, which was due to perverse incentives, which were due to crazy compensation packages, which were approved by boards of directors:
fixing compensation should be the responsibility of corporate boards of directors and, in particular, of their compensation committees. These boards, I'll remind you (and please remind the board members), are supposed to represent the interests of stockholders, not those of managers. Quite plainly, many were asleep at the switch, with disastrous consequences. The unhappy (but common) combination of coziness and drowsiness in corporate boardrooms must end. As one concrete manifestation, boards should abolish go-for-broke incentives and change compensation practices to align the interests of shareholders and employees better. For example, top executives could be paid mainly in restricted stock that vests at a later date, and traders could have their winnings deposited into an account from which subsequent losses would be deducted.